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Leading Causes of Residential Fire Fatalities: Unintentional/Careless Actions, Smoking | Buildingsonfire.com

Leading Causes of Residential Fire Fatalities: Unintentional/Careless Actions, Smoking

USFA Releases Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings (2008-2010) Report “Other unintentionally set, careless” actions and “smoking” are the leading causes

The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) United States Fire Administration (USFA) issued a special report today examining the characteristics of civilian fire fatalities in residential buildings. The report, Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings (2008-2010) was developed by USFA’s National Fire Data Center and is based on 2008 to 2010 data from the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS).

According to the report:

  • Ninety-two percent of all civilian fatalities in residential building fires involve thermal burns and smoke inhalation.
  • The leading specific location where civilian fire fatalities occur in residential buildings is the bedroom (55 percent).
  • Fifty percent of civilian fire fatalities in residential buildings occur between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. This period also accounts for 47 percent of fatal fires.
  • Thirty-six percent of fire victims in residential buildings were trying to escape at the time of their deaths; an additional 35 percent were sleeping.
  • “Other unintentionally set, careless” actions and “smoking” (each accounting for 16 percent) are the leading causes of fatal residential building fires.
  • Approximately 44 percent of civilian fatalities in residential building fires are between the ages of 40 and 69.
  • Thirteen percent of the fire fatalities in residential buildings were less than 10 years old.

Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings (2008-2010) is part of the Topical Fire Report Series. Topical reports explore facets of the U.S. fire problem as depicted through data collected in NFIRS.

Each topical report briefly addresses the nature of the specific fire or fire-related topic, highlights important findings from the data, and may suggest other resources to consider for further information. Also included are recent examples of fire incidents that demonstrate some of the issues addressed in the report or that put the report topic in context.

REPORT DOWNLOAD: Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings (2008-2010)

Time of Alarm

 

Human Factors Contrubuting to Fatalities

 
 

Age Factors

 

News and Features

Residential Fire Trends

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Residential Building Cooking Fires Residential Building Electrial Malfunction Fires Residential Building Heating Fires Residential Building Smoking Fires

2008 State Fire Death Rates

National Fire Death Rate:
12.0 deaths per million population
State Fire Death Rate
District of Columbia 32.2
Oklahoma 26.4
Arkansas 24.1
West Virginia 23.7
Alabama 22.5
Mississippi 22.5
Tennessee 22.0
Louisiana 21.4
South Carolina 18.7
Alaska 17.5

View All States »

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Civilian Casualties Mattresses and Bedding
Civilian Casualties – Children Outdoor
Civilian Casualties – Older Adults Rural and Urban
Civilian Casualties – People with Disabilities School and University
Cooking Smoke Alarms
Electrical and Appliances Smoking
Fire Departments Structure Fires
Firefighter Casualties Structure Fires (Nonresidential)
Heating Structure Fires (Residential)
Holiday and Seasonal Vehicles
Intentionally Set Fires Wildland

Fire in the United States

This report provides a statistical overview of fires in the United States and is designed to equip the fire service and others with information that motivates corrective action, sets priorities, targets specific fire programs, serves as a model for State and local analyses of fire data, and provides a baseline for evaluating programs.

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